The Militant Libertarian

I'm pissed off and I'm a libertarian. What else you wanna know?

Saturday, November 25, 2006

Death by Government
by Thomas J. DiLorenzo

Over the past decade a number of researchers have attempted to document the extent to which various governments during the twentieth century committed acts of mass murder against their own citizens. The millions of deaths catalogued by such researchers as R.J. Rummel, author of Power Kills and Death by Government, and by the authors of The Black Book of Communism, are not deaths caused by foreign armies, but by all those unfortunate souls’ own governments.

The reason for all the killing, whether it is called genocide or "democide," to use Rummel’s term, was to eliminate all opposition to the ruling regime and its ideology. In Russia, the kulaks "who resisted collectivization [of land] were shot, and the others deported," according to The Black Book of Communism (p. 9). When the rural population of the Ukraine resisted, Stalin created a famine that killed 6 million in a few months. "Virtually identical crimes" were committed "by the regimes of Mao Zedong, Kim Il Sung, and Pol Pot," according to The Black Book (p. 10).

In Power Kills, R. J. Rummel writes that "democidal" regimes tend to become even more vicious toward their own people when their political power "is conjoined with an absolutist ideology" (p. 93). And, "when the rulers of such regimes find for whatever reason that the continued existence of a social group is incompatible with their beliefs or goals, totalitarian power enables them to destroy that group" (p. 93). "War or rebellion" have often provided "an excuse and cover for a regime to eliminate those social groups it finds objectionable."

Armed with this understanding, the authors of The Black Book present the following statistics regarding how various communist governments killed their own citizens by the millions (p. 4):

* U.S.S.R.: 20 million deaths
* China: 65 million deaths
* Vietnam: 1 million deaths
* North Korea: 2 million deaths
* Cambodia: 2 million deaths
* Eastern Europe: 1 million deaths
* Latin America: 150,000 deaths
* Africa: 1.7 million deaths
* Afghanistan: 1.5 million deaths

Rummel has studied more than just the former communist regimes, and includes Nazi Germany’s 21 million civilian murders, among others.

After familiarizing myself with this stomach-turning literature (you cannot really understand the essence of socialism without it), it struck me that there is a glaring omission. According to this scholarship, "democide" occurs because of a desire on the part of a ruling regime to eliminate its opposition; to eliminate all challenges to its "absolutist ideology"; to exterminate a social group whose very existence is incompatible with the regime's goals or ideology; and often occurs disguised by a war or a rebellion that provides a convenient excuse.

The glaring omission is the 300,000 Americans who were killed by the Lincoln regime from 1861–1865. According to some conservative estimates, some 50,000 Southern civilians were also killed. The southern secessionists certainly were a significant opposition to the ruling regime; they absolutely denied the validity of the regime’s absolutist ideology – nationalism and a "mystical" union (as Lincoln called it) that must be held together at all cost; they were certainly dissenting to the Lincoln regime’s goals and its nationalistic ideology; and Lincoln did refer to the original, peaceful acts of secession as a "rebellion." Indeed, the "official" U.S. government title for the War to Prevent Southern Independence is "The War of the Rebellion."

More than half of the 300,000 or so southerners (one out of four adult men) who died, perished from disease. Nevertheless, it was the war, which forced those men to live in conditions where they would be subjected to being exposed to epidemics, that was the root cause of their death.

On the day he was inaugurated Lincoln pledged his everlasting support for a constitutional amendment that had just passed the House and Senate (the "Corwin Amendment") that would have prohibited the federal government from ever interfering with Southern slavery. It was his "mystic" union that he launched an invasion of the southern states over, eventually killing hundreds of thousands of fellow citizens. And Lincoln always considered southerners to be fellow citizens in light of the fact that he never conceded that secession was legal. The southern states never really left the union, in Lincoln’s opinion; therefore, he admittedly waged the bloodiest war in history up to that point against his own people.

Some 300,000 southern men were killed by the Lincoln regime at a time when the population of the entire country was about 30 million, one-tenth of what it is today. Standardizing for today’s population, the equivalent number would be 3 million. If this number were included in the above table, it would make the Republican Party regime of the 1860s appear to be even worse democidal murderers than the twentieth-century communist regimes of Pol Pot’s Cambodia, the Vietnamese communists, North Korea, and the communist dictators in all of Eastern Europe during the Cold War.

Confronting this ugly reality also calls into question the basis of all of R.J. Rummel’s work in this area, which is his claim that democracies do not tend to wage war on each other. The War to Prevent Southern Independence is a major contradiction of this claim, and it is simply brushed aside by Rummel.

Rummel is not the first to make this claim, however. World War I was supposed to be "the war to end all wars" by dethroning the European monarchs and replacing them with democracies. It didn’t work out quite that way.

Ludwig von Mises offered a more realistic interpretation of the causes of "total war" (including the mass slaughter of civilian dissenters) in the chapter of his magnum opus, Human Action, entitled "The Economics of War." "[T]otal war is an offshoot of aggressive nationalism," he wrote (p. 819, Scholars Edition). "While laissez faire eliminates the causes of international conflict, government interference with business and socialism create conflicts for which no peaceful solution can be found."

It was the Republican Party of the 1860s whose party platform was dominated by mercantilistic interventionism, complete with high protectionist tariffs, a politicized banking system, corporate welfare, and much more. The phrase "New Deal" was first used to describe the blizzard of domestic policy interventionism that was ushered in by the Lincoln regime.

The South was so much in favor of free trade, by contrast, that protectionist tariffs were outlawed altogether in the Confederate Constitution. And the majority of the political opposition to politicized banks and corporate welfare had come from the south for some seventy years as of 1861.

Southerners opposed the aggressive nationalism of the Republican Party regime (not of all northerners), and by seceding, adopting free trade, and no longer paying federal taxes (mostly the tariff) they threatened a very quick destruction of that regime. For that they had to be invaded, killed by the hundreds of thousands, conquered, occupied, and re-educated over and over again.

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Thursday, November 23, 2006


I guess there's no point in depressing all of you with the sad state of our world on this day of thanks, so I'll just say Happy Thanksgiving and call it good. :)

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Wednesday, November 22, 2006

Gunning Down Grandma

Woman, 92, Dies in Shootout With Police
Nov 21

A 92-year-old woman was shot to death Tuesday after she fired at three
narcotics officers trying to serve a warrant at her house, officials said.
Neighbors and relatives said it must have been a case of mistaken identity.
Police said they had the right address.

Police said the woman, whose name was not released, was the only person home
at the time, and had lived there for about 17 years.

As the plainclothes Atlanta police officers approached the house about 7
p.m., a woman inside started shooting, striking each of them, said Officer
Joe Cobb, a police spokesman. One was hit in the arm, another in a thigh and
the third in a shoulder.

The officers were taken to a hospital for treatment, and all three were
conscious and alert, police said.

Sarah Dozier, identified as a niece of the woman, told WAGA-TV that there
were never any drugs at the house.

"My aunt was in good health. I'm sure she panicked when they kicked that
door down," Dozier said. "There was no reason they had to go in there and
shoot her down like a dog."

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Monday, November 20, 2006

The Draft...Again

They seem pretty determined to reinstitute a draft..or at least to keep using the idea as a means of distraction from their other antics...

When in doubt, reinstate the draft

Americans would have to sign up for a new military draft after turning 18 under a bill the incoming chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee says he will introduce next year.

Rep. Charles Rangel, D-N.Y., said Sunday he sees his idea as a way to deter politicians from launching wars.

"There's no question in my mind that this president and this administration would never have invaded Iraq, especially on the flimsy evidence that was presented to the Congress, if indeed we had a draft and members of Congress and the administration thought that their kids from their communities would be placed in harm's way," Rangel said.

Rangel, a veteran of the Korean War who has unsuccessfully sponsored legislation on conscription in the past, has said the all-volunteer military disproportionately puts the burden of war on minorities and lower-income families.

Rangel said he will propose a measure early next year. While he said he is serious about the proposal, there is little evident support among the public or lawmakers for it.

In 2003, Rangel proposed a measure covering people age 18 to 26. It was defeated 402-2 the following year. This year, he offered a plan to mandate military service for men and women between age 18 and 42; it went nowhere in the Republican-led Congress.

Democrats will control the House and Senate come January because of their victories in the Nov. 7 election.

At a time when some lawmakers are urging the military to send more troops to Iraq, "I don't see how anyone can support the war and not support the draft," said Rangel, who also proposed a draft in January 2003, before the U.S. invasion of Iraq. "I think to do so is hypocritical."

Sen. Lindsey Graham, a South Carolina Republican who is a colonel in the U.S. Air Force Standby Reserve, said he agreed that the U.S. does not have enough people in the military.

"I think we can do this with an all-voluntary service, all-voluntary Army, Air Force, Marine Corps and Navy. And if we can't, then we'll look for some other option," said Graham, who is assigned as a reserve judge to the Air Force Court of Criminal Appeals.

Rangel, the next chairman of the House tax-writing committee, said he worried the military was being strained by its overseas commitments.

"If we're going to challenge Iran and challenge North Korea and then, as some people have asked, to send more troops to Iraq, we can't do that without a draft," Rangel said.

He said having a draft would not necessarily mean everyone called to duty would have to serve. Instead, "young people (would) commit themselves to a couple of years in service to this great republic, whether it's our seaports, our airports, in schools, in hospitals," with a promise of educational benefits at the end of service.

Graham said he believes the all-voluntary military "represents the country pretty well in terms of ethnic makeup, economic background."

Repeated polls have shown that about seven in 10 Americans oppose reinstatement of the draft and officials say they do not expect to restart conscription.

Outgoing Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld told Congress in June 2005 that "there isn't a chance in the world that the draft will be brought back."

Yet the prospect of the long global fight against terrorism and the continuing U.S. commitment to stabilizing Iraq have kept the idea in the public's mind.

The military drafted conscripts during the Civil War, both world wars and between 1948 and 1973. An agency independent of the Defense Department, the Selective Service System, keeps an updated registry of men age 18-25 — now about 16 million — from which to supply untrained draftees that would supplement the professional all-volunteer armed forces.

Rangel and Graham appeared on Face the Nation on CBS.

Copyright © 2006 The Associated Press / © Copyright 2005 Capitol Hill Blue

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Sunday, November 19, 2006

For The Greater Good of God

Are you a man of peace
Or man of holy war
Too many sides to you
Don't know which anymore
So many full of life
But also filled with pain
Don't know just how many
Will live to breathe again

A life that's made to breathe destruction or defense
A mind that's vain corruption bad or good intent
A wolf in sheep's clothing
Or saintly or sinner
Or some that would believe
A holy war winner

They fire off many shots and many parting blows
Their actions beyond a reasoning only god would know
And as he lies in heaven or it could be in hell
I feel he's somewhere here or looking from below
But I don't know, I don't know

Please tell me now what life is
Please tell me now what love is
Well tell me now what war is
Again tell me what life is

More pain and misery in the history of mankind
Sometimes it seems more like the blind leading the blind
It brings upon us more of famine, death and war
You know religion has a lot to answer for

Please tell me now what life is
Please tell me now what love is
Well tell me now what war is
Again tell me what life is

And as they search to find the bodies in the sand
They find it's ashes that are scattered across the land
And as their spirits seem to whistle in the wind
A shot is fired somewhere another war begins

And all because of it you think that we would learn
But still the body count the city fires burn
Somewhere there's someone dying in a foreign land
Meanwhile the world is crying stupidity of man
Tell me why, tell me why

Please tell me now what life is
Please tell me now what love is
Well tell me now what war is
Again tell me what life is

Please tell me now what life is
Please tell me now what love is
Well tell me now what war is
Again tell me what life is

For the greater good of God...

Please tell me now what life is
Please tell me now what love is
Well tell me now what war is
Again tell me what life is

Please tell me now what life is
Please tell me now what love is
Well tell me now what war is
Again tell me what life is

For the greater good of God??

He gave his life for us he fell upon the cross
To die for all of those who never mourn his loss
It wasn't meant for us to feel the pain again
Tell me why, tell me why

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How Big Is The Gubmint?

from The Sierra Times Forum (The Jersey Lily)

How Big is the Gummint?

LIB! (southern pronunciation of "Well, I'll be...." )

Want to see a rather comprehensive list of gummint agencies? While I'm not at all surprised on one hand, it was still quite an eye-opener to see them all listed in one place. I submit this for interest, and for whatever other purpose someone might want to use the list. Check the list of independent agencies! As just one, tiny example of the power of these organizations, I found this:

The USPIS has the power to enforce the law by conducting search and seizure raids on entities they suspect of sending non-urgent mail through overnight delivery competitors. For example: according to the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, a private think tank ( the USPIS raided Equifax offices to ascertain if the mail they were sending through Fedex was truly "extremely urgent." It was found that the mail was not, and Equifax was fined $30,000 to compensate the Postal Service for the postage that was lost to Fedex.

And following along with just the Post Office, note that there is a separate Postal Rate Commission - not a branch of the United States Postal Service. Just what do the people on that Commission, most certainly drawing tax dollars as salaries, DO in between rate hikes? Somehow I have this vision of however many people making up the Postal Rate Commission sitting in their gov't cubicles, day after day, doing crossword puzzles, going out for coffee, or whatever, and occasionally meeting to discuss whether there should be another postal rate increase, then going back to their cubicles to collect their salaries. Maybe that's not how it works, but with personal experience in other branches of government "service," I can't easily dismiss that scenario as a very real possibility. It reminds me of the old joke about the Bureau of Indian affairs visitor who was walking down the hall and spotted a man slumped over his desk, just sobbing. He walked in, asked the BIA agent what was the matter. The BIA agent replied, "My Indian died. I don't know if I'll have a job tomorrow."

And speaking of so-called "Indians," do a quick word search on the following list and notice that there are four entirely separate agencies devoted to "Indian" matters - under four entirely different departments!
Department of the Interior: Bureau of Indian Affairs
Department of Education: Office of Indian Education
Department of Health & Human Services: Indian Health Service
Department of Housing & Urban Development: Office of Public and Indian Housing

And here's just one more, though it was FINALLY abolished as a separate agency just a few years ago (1996). This list is FULL of this kind of garbage:

The Tea Importation Act, which created the Board of Tea Appeals, was on the books for 99 years before its repeal in 1996. As codified just before its repeal, the Act instructed the Secretary of Health and Human Services each year "to appoint a board, to consist of seven members, each of whom shall be an expert in teas, and who shall prepare and submit to him standard samples of tea." In accordance with the board of experts' recommendations, the Secretary was instructed to "fix and establish uniform standards of purity, quality, and fitness for consumption of all kinds of teas imported unto the United States" and to deposit samples of these standards in the customhouses of various ports of entry. Tea importers were required to submit samples of their product for comparison with the standard samples kept at the customhouses. The imported samples were then tested "by a duly qualified examiner," who would test "the purity, quality, and fitness for consumption of the... [imported tea samples] according to the usages and customs of the tea trade, including the testing of an infusion of the same in boiling water and, if necessary, chemical analysis."

And we PAY for this crap!

Georgia Saint
Executive Branch
Executive Office of the President
* White House Chief of Staff
* White House Press Secretary
* Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
* National Security Council (NSC)
* United States Trade Representative
* Office of National Drug Control Policy
* Council of Economic Advisers
* Council on Environmental Quality
* Domestic Policy Council
* National Economic Council
* Office of White House Administration
* Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives
* Office of National AIDS Policy
* Office of Science and Technology Policy
* President's Critical Infrastructure Protection Board
* President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board
* USA Freedom Corps
* White House Military Office

Department of Agriculture
* Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS)
* Agricultural Research Service (ARS)
* Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)
* Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion (CNPP)
* Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service (CREES)
* Economic Research Service (ERS)
* Farm Service Agency (FSA)
* Federal Crop Insurance Corporation (FCIC)
* Food and Nutrition Service (FNS)
* Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS)
* Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS)
* Forest Service (FS)
* Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration (GIPSA)
* National Agricultural Library (NAL)
* National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS)
* Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
* Risk Management Agency (RMA)
* Rural Development (RD)

Department of Commerce
* Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS)
* Economics and Statistics Administration (ESA)
o Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA)
o Bureau of the Census
* Economic Development Administration (EDA)
* International Trade Administration (ITA)
* Minority Business Development Agency (MBDA)
* National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
o National Weather Service (NWS)
o National Oceanic Service (NOS)
o National Geodetic Survey (NGS)
o National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Service (NESDIS)
* National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA)
* Patent and Trademark Office (PTO)
* Technology Administration (TA)
o National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
o National Technical Information Service (NTIS)
o Office of Technology Policy (OTP)

Department of Defense
* Office of the Secretary of Defense
o Defense Policy Board Advisory Committee
o Office of Net Assessment
o Office of Inspector General
+ Defense Criminal Investigative Service
* Military Departments
o Department of the Army including the U.S. Army
o Department of the Navy including the U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps
o Department of the Air Force including the U.S. Air Force
* Joint Chiefs of Staff
o United States Naval Observatory
* Unified Combatant Commands
o Central Command (CENTCOM)
o European Command (EUCOM)
o Joint Forces Command (JFCOM)
o Northern Command (NORTHCOM)
o Pacific Command (PACOM)
o Southern Command (SOUTHCOM)
o Special Operations Command (SOCOM)
o Strategic Command (STRATCOM)
o Transportation Command (TRANSCOM)
* Defense Agencies
o Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
o Defense Commissary Agency
o Defense Contract Audit Agency
o Defense Contract Management Agency
o Defense Finance and Accounting Service
o Defense Information Systems Agency
o Defense Intelligence Agency
o Defense Legal Services Agency
o Defense Logistics Agency
o Defense Security Cooperation Agency
o Defense Security Service
o Defense Threat Reduction Agency
o Missile Defense Agency
o National Security Agency
o National Reconnaissance Office
o National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
o Pentagon Force Protection Agency
* Department of Defense Field Activities
o American Forces Information Service
o Counterintelligence Field Activity
o Defense Prisoner of War/Missing Personnel Office
o Department of Defense Education Activity
+ Department of Defense Dependents Schools
o DoD Human Resources Activity
o Office of Economic Adjustment
o Tricare Management Activity
o Washington Headquarters Services
* Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)
* Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA)
* Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA)

Department of Education
* Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance
* Education Resources Information Center (ERIC)
* National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)
* Office of Educational Research and Improvement
* Office of Elementary and Secondary Education (OESE)
* Office of English Language Acquisition, Language Enhancement and Academic Achievement for Limited English Proficient Students
* Office of Federal Student Aid
* Office of Indian Education
* Office of Migrant Education
* Office of Postsecondary Education
* Office of Special Educational and Rehabilitation Services
* Office of Vocational and Adult Education

Department of Energy
* Energy Information Administration (EIA)
* Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)
* National Laboratories & Technology Centers:
o Albany Research Center
o Ames Laboratory
o Argonne National Laboratory
o Argonne National Laboratory (West) (now part of Idaho National Laboratory)
o Brookhaven National Laboratory
o Center for Functional Nanomaterials (under design or construction)
o Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies (under design or construction)
o Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (under design or construction)
o Center for Nanoscale Materials (under design or construction)
o Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
o Idaho National Engineering Laboratory
o Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
o Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
o Los Alamos National Laboratory
o Molecular Foundry (under design or construction)
o National Energy Technology Laboratory
o National Petroleum Technology Office
o National Renewable Energy Laboratory
o New Brunswick Laboratory
o Oak Ridge National Laboratory
o Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
o Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
o Radiological & Environmental Sciences Laboratory
o Sandia National Laboratories
o Savannah River Ecology Laboratory
o Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
o Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator
o Yucca Mountain
* National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
* Power Marketing Administrations:
o Bonneville Power Administration
o Southeastern Power Administration
o Southwestern Power Administration
o Western Area Power Administration

Department of Health and Human Services
* Administration on Aging (AoA)
* Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)
* Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR)
* Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
* Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS)
* Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
* Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)
* Indian Health Service (IHS)
* National Institutes of Health (NIH)
* Program Support Center (PSC)
* Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)

Department of Homeland Security
* Coast Guard
* National Cyber Security Division
* Environmental Measurements Laboratory
* Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)
* U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
* Customs and Border Protection
* Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
* Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC)
* United States Secret Service (USSS)
* Office of State and Local Government Coordination and Preparedness
* Transportation Security Administration (TSA)
* National Communications System (NCS)

Department of Housing and Urban Development
* Community Development Block Grants
* Office of Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity
* Federal Housing Administration (FHA)
* Government National Mortgage Association (GNMA, Ginnie Mae)
* Office of Policy Development and Research (Bridges to Work)
* Office of Public and Indian Housing (PIH)

Department of the Interior
* Bureau of Land Management (BLM)
* Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA)
* Office of Surface Mining (OSM)
* Bureau Of Reclamation (USBR)
* Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS)
* Minerals Management Service (MMS)
* National Park Service (NPS)
* United States Geological Survey (USGS)
* Office of Insular Affairs

Department of Justice
* Antitrust Division
* Asset Forfeiture Program
* Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (BATF / BATFE)
* Bureau of Justice Assistance
* Bureau of Justice Statistics
* Civil Division
* Civil Rights Division
* Community Capacity Development Office
* Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS)
* Community Relations Service
* Criminal Division
* Diversion Control Program
* Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)
* Environment and Natural Resources Division
* Executive Office for Immigration Review
* Executive Office for U.S. Attorneys
* Executive Office for U.S. Trustees
* Federal Bureau of Investigation
* Federal Bureau of Prisons
* Foreign Claims Settlement Commission of the United States
* U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
* Bureau of Customs and Border Protection (BCBP)
* Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)
* Office of Immigration Statistics
* INTERPOL - U.S. National Central Bureau
* Justice Management Division
* Marshals Service
* National Crime Information Center
* National Criminal Justice Reference Service
* National Drug Intelligence Center
* National Institute of Corrections (FBOP)
* National Institute of Justice
* Office of the Federal Detention Trustee
* Office of the Inspector General
* Office of Intelligence Policy and Review
* Office of Intergovernmental and Public Liaison
* Office of Justice Programs (OJP)
* Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
* Office of the Pardon Attorney
* Parole Commission
* Office of the Police Corps
* Office of Tribal Justice
* Office for Victims of Crime
* Office on Violence Against Women
* Solicitor General
* Tax Division
* U.S. Attorneys

Department of Labor
* Administrative Review Board (ARB)
* Benefits Review Board (BRB)
* Bureau of International Labor Affairs (ILAB)
* Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)
* Center for Faith-Based & Community Initiatives (CFBCI)
* Employees' Compensation Appeals Board (ECAB)
* Employment Standards Administration (ESA)
o Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP)
o The Office of Labor-Management Standards (OLMS)
o Office of Workers' Compensation Programs (OWCP)
o Wage and Hour Division (WHD)
* Employment & Training Administration (ETA)
* Mine Safety & Health Administration (MSHA)
* Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA)
* Employee Benefits Security Administration (EBSA)
* Veterans' Employment & Training Service (VETS)
* Women's Bureau (WB)

Department of State
* Bureau of Administration
* Bureau of African Affairs
* Bureau of Consular Affairs
* Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor
* Bureau of Diplomatic Security
o Office of Foreign Missions
* Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs
* Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs
* Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs
o Internet Access and Training Program
* Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs
* Bureau of Human Resources
* Bureau of Information Resource Management
* Bureau of Intelligence and Research
* Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
* Bureau of International Organization Affairs
* Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation
* Bureau of Legislative Affairs
* Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs
* Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs
* Bureau of Overseas Buildings Operations
* Bureau of Political-Military Affairs
* Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration
* Bureau of Public Affairs
* Bureau of Resource Management
* Bureau of South Asian Affairs
* Bureau of Verification, Compliance, and Implementation
* Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs
* Counterterrorism Office (which produces the Patterns of Global Terrorism report)
* National Foreign Affairs Training Center (former Foreign Service Institute)
* Office of International Information Programs
* Office of the Legal Adviser
* Office of Management Policy
* Office of Protocol
* Office of the Science and Technology Adviser
* Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons
* Office of War Crimes Issues
* US Department of Global Anti-semitism

Department of Transportation
* Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
* Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
* Federal Railroad Administration (FRA)
* Federal Transit Administration (FTA)
* Maritime Administration (MARAD)
* Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA)
* National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
* Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA)
* Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA)
* Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation (SLSDC)
* Surface Transportation Board (STB)

Department of the Treasury
* Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB)
* Bureau of Engraving and Printing (BEP)
* Bureau of the Public Debt
* Community Development Financial Institution Fund (CDFI)
* Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN)
* Financial Management Service (FMS)
* Inspector General
* Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration (TIGTA)
* Internal Revenue Service (IRS)
* Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC)
* Office of Thrift Supervision (OTS)
* Office of the Secretary
o Domestic Finance
o Economic Policy
o General Counsel
o Information and Technology Management
o International Affairs
o Management
o Public Affairs
o Tax Policy
o Terrorism and Financial Intelligence (TFI)
o Treasurer of the United States
* United States Mint

Department of Veterans Affairs
* Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA)
* Veterans Health Administration (VHA)
* National Cemetery Administration (NCA)
* Office of Information and Technology (OI&T)

Independent Agencies
* Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP)
* Agency for International Development (USAID)
* American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC)
* AmeriCorps
* Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC)
* U.S. Arctic Research Commission (USARC)
* Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
* Commission on Civil Rights (USCCR)
* Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE)
* Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC)
* Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC)
* Corporation for National and Community Service (CNCS)
* Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
* Export-Import Bank of the United States (ExIm)
* Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
* Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
* Federal Election Commission (FEC)
* Federal Maritime Commission
* Federal Mine Safety & Health Review Commission (FMSHRC)
* Federal Reserve System (The Fed)
* Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board
* Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
* General Services Administration (GSA)
* Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS)
* Inter-American Foundation (IAF)
* Learn and Serve America (LSA)
* National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
* National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)
* National Capital Planning Commission (NCPC)
* National Endowment for the Arts (NEA)
* National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH)
* National Ice Center (NIC)
* National Labor Relations Board (NLRB)
* National Railroad Passenger Corporation (Amtrak) (NRPC)
* National Science Foundation (NSF)
* National Transportation Research Center (NTRC)
* National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)
* Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)
* Office of Personnel Management (OPM)
* Peace Corps
* Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC)
* United States Postal Service (USPS)
* Postal Rate Commission (PRC)
* Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
* Office of Government Ethics (OGE)
* Selective Service System (SSS)
* Senior Corps
* Small Business Administration (SBA)
* Social Security Administration (SSA)
* Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

Quasi-federal agencies
* Legal Services Corporation (LSC)
* Smithsonian Institution (SI)

Legislative Branch
* Congressional Budget Office (CBO)
* Library of Congress (LOC)
o United States Copyright Office
* Government Accountability Office (GAO) (formerly the General Accounting Office)
o United States Comptroller General
* Government Printing Office (GPO)
* Architect of the Capitol

Judicial Branch
* United States Supreme Court
* United States court of appeals
* United States district courts
* Federal Judicial Center
* United States Sentencing Commission
* Administrative Office of the United States Courts
* Judicial Conference of the United States

Historic / defunct agencies
* Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service (in the Department of Agriculture) (ASCS)
Replaced in 1994 with the Farm Service Agency.
* Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AA)
* Board of Economic Warfare (BEW)
* Board of Tea Appeals
Abolished in 1996
* Bureau of Arms Control (in the Department of State)
Replaced September 13, 2005, by the Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation
* Bureau of Nonproliferation (in the Department of State)
Replaced September 13, 2005, by the Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation
* Bureau of Verification and Compliance (in the Department of State)
Replaced February 1, 2000 by the Bureau of Verification, Compliance, and Implementation
* Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs (CIAA)
* Committee on Public Information (CPI)
* Farmers Home Administration
Replaced in 1994 with the Farm Service Agency.
* Federal National Mortgage Association (FNMA or Fannie Mae)
Fannie Mae was partially privatized in 1968; its government administered portion was renamed the Government National Mortgage Association (Ginnie Mae); see Department of Housing and Urban Development, above
* Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA)
Renamed Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services; see Department of Health and Human Services, above
* Student Loan Marketing Association (SLMA or Sallie Mae)
Sallie Mae has been fully privatized and is no longer administered by the federal government.
* Foreign Economic Administration (FEA)
* Federal Theatre Project (FTP)
* General Accounting Office (GAO)
Renamed "Government Accountability Office" in 2004; see #Legislative Branch, above.
* Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC)
* Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS)
Now The United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS)
* National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA)
* U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey
Renamed U.S. National Geodetic Survey
* Office of Technology Assessment (OTA)
Congress closed the OTA in 2004.
* Office of War Information (OWI)
* Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC)
* United States Information Agency (USIA)
* Veterans Administration (VA)
Became a cabinet department in 1988; see United States Department of Veterans Affairs, above.
* War Production Board (WPB)
* Works Progress Administration (WPA)


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